4. Solving the formula for dB loss. A transmission line is shown in Figure 3-9. The input power to the line is

1 milliwatt (mW) and the output power is .5 mW. It is easy to see that this line causes a power loss of 50

percent. But what is the dB loss? You can use the formula to find out.

Number of dB = 10 x log P2 (larger power)

P1 (smaller power)

dB= 10 x log 1

.5

Dividing 1 by .5 you get 2 as the result. This gives:

dB = 10 x log 2

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