greater than the output power so you have a power loss. To find the power loss, you divide .001 by .000001

which equals 1.000. In Table 3-4, this corresponds to 30 dB. So your answer is -30 dB.

b. **Example 2. **Suppose you know the dB gain is 40 dB. The ratio of the output power to the input power

is found by referring to Table 3-4, where 40 dB corresponds to a ratio of 10,000. If you know the input power

is .001 watt, you can find the output power by multiplication: *.001 watt X 10,000 = 10 watts.*

7. The decibel milliwatt (dBm) represents a reference level.

a. Before explaining the dBm, let's first find out what is meant by a reference level. The simplest way to

explain it is to use an everyday example.

b. Suppose you had 0 in a savings account at the beginning of a year. This 0 could act as a

reference level. You could actually plot your savings account for the whole year on a graph as shown in Figure

3-12. You'd put 0 in the center of the vertical axis. And then place plus signs above 0 and minus signs

below 0. Then as the

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