possible to increase the correction by shifting the rear standard in the
(3) Adding more correction.
If this still does not provide enough
correction, aim the entire camera in the same direction as the front
Use the horizontal swing (front and rear) and front and rear
shift to center the image.
d. Rising and Falling Front. As the shift front was used to center the
image horizontally, the rising and falling front is used to center the image
vertically on the ground glass.
(1) The front standard is moved up or down to center the image on the
(2) If enough correction can not be obtained with this method, you
can correct this by tilting the entire camera up or down and using the
tilting front or back to keep the image on the same plane as the subject.
Figure 5-1 illustrates control movements of both front and rear standards.
Working With the View Camera.
a. Possible Positions.
All of these adjustments have an infinite
number of possible positions from the center or "0" position to their
maximum shift left or right, tilt up or down, tilt forward or back, and
swing left or right. Keep this in mind when using the view camera.
(1) Whenever you set up the view camera,
adjustments in the neutral or "0" position.
(2) Realize also that every time you change the position or adjust
any of the controls, you must adjust the focus and image position on the
(3) Focusing a view camera is done by moving the front or rear
standards along the monorail.
If the rear standards are moved to get a
sharp image, the image size will change due to the movement of the film
plane. If the correct image size has already been obtained, focus with the
b. Depth of Field.
Greater depth of field can be obtained in
horizontal, vertical, and intermediate planes by use of the front swings and
tilts, and selecting a larger f/stop. Refer to figure 5-2.