Figure 160. Grades of drawing pencils
You should use a carpenter's or layout pencil for large lettering. Use
a carpenter's pencil with a chisel point to apply different styles of
lettering, such as text, Roman, or some script (figure 162).
(2) How to use the pencil. When applying lettering with a pencil,
you must hold the pencil correctly and comfortably. Hold the pencil
with the thumb, forefinger, and second finger in the normal writing
position, or a position that is comfortable for you. Draw vertical,
slanting, and curved lines with a steady, even finger movement.
Horizontal lines require a similar motion; however, add a small pivot of
the hand at the wrist. The pressure you use when lettering should be
firm and uniform, but not so heavy as to cut or leave grooves in the
b. Pen Lettering. Before the invention of the printing press,
authors hand lettered all books using a broad, flat pen. Freehand
lettering with a technical fountain pen, standard fountain pen,
speedball lettering pen, or a flexible quill with