and to ensure no foreign matter is lodged in the tip. Do not allow any
foreign matter to collect in the nib; clean the nib as often as
necessary. When you have completed lettering the project, thoroughly
clean the pen with pen cleaner and pat the nib dry with a paper towel or
Even the best illustrators make mistakes. If you make a mistake while
using ink, correct the error by lightly scraping the mistake with a
steel eraser. You must then reburnish and reink the surface, or cover
the error with whiteout and reink the surface.
(2) Speedball pens have four different points or nib styles, each
designated by a letter and number, that produce different sizes and
styles of lines. The letter indicates the style of the point, while the
number, which ranges from 0 to 6, indicates the size of the point. The
smaller the number, the larger the line. For example, a point
designated with a 3 creates a larger line than a point designated with a
The "A" style speedball pen point has a flat, square tip that creates a
line of uniform width with square ends. You would use the "A" nib for
square Gothic and block lettering (figure 163).
The "B" style nib has a round tip that produces uniform lines with round
tips. You use the "B" nib for Gothic lettering and uniform lines
The "C" style nib has a chiselshaped point that produces thick and thin
strokes. Because the "C" nib produces thick and thin strokes, you would
use it for lettering projects requiring Roman and old English text
letters (figure 163).
The "D" style nib has an ovalshaped point that produces thick and
medium lines. Because of the shape of the "D" nib, you would use it for
lettering projects requiring bold Roman and italics lettering (figure 1
c. Marker Lettering. More often then not, you find this form of
lettering used to prepare flip charts because it is one of the quickest
and easiest means of lettering. Normally you use a standard marker,
known as magic marker, felt tip pens, etc., to letter projects (figure
164). However, there are also high quality artist markers available.
Artist markers come in a wide variety of colors, sizes, and point
There are two different sizes of the standard marker: small and medium.
The small marker has a fine tip; therefore, you would use it for 1/4 to
3/4inch lettering projects and drawing small, fine lines. Medium
markers usually have a tip cut at a