Figure 1-7. Shading sheets
d. Shading sheets come in a wide variety of line and dot patterns and densities (fig 1-7).
They are adhesive backed and printed on clear acetate or waxed paper. These sheets can save
you a lot of time since you will not have to draw these patterns. Use shading sheets for line art
e. Stumps are tightly rolled sheets of paper. They come in various thicknesses with both
ends pointed. Use stumps to blend or smudge pencil, charcoal, or pastels.
f. A plumb is a tool used to measure proportions of and within your subject. A plumb
is an object longer than it is wide and has a straight edge. A pencil or brush handle will serve as
g. Erasers (fig 1-8) come in different levels of abrasiveness. Each affects the drawing
surface to its own degree. Kneaded and artgum erasers have gentle abrasives. Use erasers
minimally to correct drawings to avoid overcorrecting the artwork.