Learning Event 3:
USE CUT-INS AND CUTAWAYS
Accepting the premise that the motion picture or television audience has
difficulty in recalling more than one scene immediately preceding that which is
currently being screened (a fact which the reader may personally check) the
cameraman may insert a special scene (or even entire sequences), between two scenes
which otherwise, following in rapid succession, would interrupt story continuity.
These scenes of slight, yet important, differences intended to divert audience
attention are classified as either "cut-ins" or "cutaways".
of shooting a cut-in. As the name implies, the cut-in cuts into the action taking
place and is usually a closeup or extreme close-up.
In a sequence showing two
people meeting, a close-up of their handshake is a cut-in.
If your subject is
packing for a vacation, and you wish to show how well-traveled he is, an extreme
closeup of hotel labels on his bag constitutes a cut-in.
(1) For another illustration; suppose you are filming an Armed Forces radio
and TV public service announcement that uses a golf game as the theme.
highlights of the action in a golf game are the drives, the various approach shots,
and, of course, the putts.
Then, walking is part of the game, but it would be
ridiculous to try to show it all because you and the audience would be bored.
Here's where the cut-in technique can make an interesting sequence out of one that
would otherwise be unbearable. Your cut-in could be the shot shown in Figure 2-3.
(2) The next scene of the series most likely would be another long shot
showing a continuation of the action.
The golfer might approach the ball, stop,
and sight the cup before making his putt. Another variation of the same technique
could be a cut-in filmed in slow motion of the club hitting the ball.
could use a closeup of the golfer's grip on the handle of the club. Any number of
variations of the cut-in are possible.
b. Use your imagination, but do not overdo a good effect. Remember, a cut-in
does just that, it cuts into the action and must have been established in the