a. An opposite, but also effective, technique from the cut-in is the cutaway.
In a cutaway, the camera is directed away from the main action to show some
parallel action that is taking place at the same time. For example, while filming
a troop review, a shot of the audience is a cutaway.
It is related to the main
action, and although not part of it, it is a part of the story and must be shown.
The cutaway smooths out the continuity by bridging gaps and is used to cover up
major jumps in action.
b. The cutaway is also used to build atmosphere and stimulate the interest or
the imagination of the audience.
For instance, while filming a sequence in a
training film about missile launching, cutaways of the block house and the strained
faces of the engineers might transmit the feeling of excitement to the audience.
c. During a long story, the cutaway also helps to reorient the audience in
essential parts of the plot that are not being shown at the moment. A cutaway of
action taking place at widely separated locations can be included even though the
scene shifts from one area to another if the transition is smooth and acceptable.
A simple illustration of the effective use of the cutaway is shown in Figure 2-4.
Variety and interest in a golf game are increased by a cutaway to the caddy showing
him removing the flag from the cup.