(5) Live subjects should be looking into the picture, not out of it.
In other words, there should be more space in front of the figure than
behind it. This also applies to action photographs. Your composition will
be strengthened if the action leads into the photograph and weakened if it
leads out of it.
f. Figure 2-7 shows some examples of cropping for composition.
4. Test exposure. With the negative in the enlarger and your composition
set, your next step is to make a test exposure. The procedure for making a
a. First, the entire sheet of paper is given a two-second exposure.
Second, cover all of the paper except a portion approximately 1/2 inches
wide with a piece of cardboard or other opaque material, and make another
exposure of two seconds.
Uncover an additional 1/2-inch strip and make
another two-second exposure.
Repeat this procedure to make as many
exposures as are needed to bracket the correct exposure. After development
there are, on one sheet of paper, several bands with exposures of 2, 4, 6,
8, etc. seconds. From this test, you should easily be able to determine the
correct printing time.