In the second case, the JCEWS becomes the focal point for all joint EW activities
in which all mutual support EW request are funneled through the staff for immediate dissemination to a
component force for its tasking consideration. This process is slower than the previous approach. It
allows the joint staff to act as a conduit when direct, lateral coordination capability is unavailable. It
also allows for combining requests from various agencies. Further, it allows the joint staff to rank the
requests and evaluate the effects that loss of EW assets may have on a component's operations.
For electromagnetic interference from friendly systems to be avoided in the joint force
environment, close coordination must occur among component intelligence, operations, EW, and signal
The first step in EW deconfliction involves planning the effective use of ECM
assets against enemy targets, while protecting friendly emitter from unintentional jamming.
The J2 develops targets for SIGINT collection. He also determines what
enemy functions or frequencies need to be restricted from jamming by friendly ECM.
The J3 defines the operations concept following the JFCs guidance. He
approves the JRFL and sets up the JCEWS to aid EW operations.
with the J2, J3, and EWO. He also publishes and distributes the JRFL.
The EWO develops the EW target list, considering J2, J3, and J6 input.
He also helps develop the JRFL.
Spectrum management includes both frequency management and EW frequency
deconfliction. The two are closely related. However, there is a significant difference.
Frequency management is a J6 responsibility. It deals with assigning
frequencies to all emitters. This ensures communications or radar emissions occur with minimal mutual
EW frequency deconfliction is also a J6 responsibility. It is a management
procedure for limiting the effects of friendly ECM operations on joint force communications.
Both frequency management and EW frequency deconfliction share
associated procedural steps. These include developing the basic plan and resolving operational
conflicts. In EW frequency deconfliction, these two steps are termed planning deconfliction and conflict