Safety is everyone's business. You the telephone installer/troubleshooter should always be safety
conscious and keep safety first. It is much easier to take the time to be safe than to use hindsight to
determine what went wrong.
First aid is defined as the immediate and temporary care given to the victim of an accident or illness
until medical or surgical treatment can be administered by trained medical personnel. First aid is
designed to --
a. Prevent accidents; personnel trained in first aid are normally more safety conscious, and their
accident rate is normally lower than that of untrained personnel.
b. Train personnel to act properly in emergencies. Personnel are trained to know what not to do
as well as what to do.
c. Provide personnel with sufficient information to determine the nature and extent of injury
and to render immediate and temporary aid. However, the individual rendering first aid is not expected
to make a medical officer's diagnosis.
d. Prevent added injury and further contamination and infection of wounds, and lessen the
effect of shock.
e. Instruct personnel in the proper methods to be used when moving the injured victim. If he
must be moved, care must be taken to prevent further injury or aggravation.
Place the victim in a prone position, head level with the body until treatment requires
movement. Check for serious bleeding, stoppage of breathing, wounds, burns, fractures, dislocations,
and other injuries. If clothing must be removed, cut it away; do not move the injured person. Provide
immediate treatment for serious bleeding, stoppage of breathing and poisioning in that order. If several
people are injured in one accident, determine which victims have injuries that require immediate
attention and treat them first. Keep the victim warm, and treat for shock. Send a messenger to call for a
medical officer or ambulance. Have the messenger provide the following: The location of the victim;
the nature, cause and probable extent of injury; available medical supplies; and the type of first aid being
administered. Keep calm. Unless it is absolutely necessary do not hurry while moving the injured
person. Provide only necessary first aid, and be sure that nothing is done to cause further injury. Never
give liquids to an unconscious person. Keep onlookers away from the injured person. Make the victim
comfortable, and keep him cheerful. Do not let the victim see his injury.