10. Depth. Photograph are two-dimensional, having height and width but not
depth. The photographer must add the missing third dimension by creating an
illusion of depth. There are many photographic techniques that create this
a. A horizon line placed high in the photograph gives a feeling of
depth and distance.
b. Haze or mist may also be used to add depth.
c. Light can be used to convey the feeling of depth.
produces shadows and shade which give a subject depth and body.
Backlighting helps separate the subject from the background.
d. Leading lines or lines that lead into the photograph such as winding
roads, fences, rivers, and rows of trees create the illusion of depth.
e. Lens selection plays a large role in creating the illusion of depth.
Short focal length exaggerates the distance while long focal lengths
compresses the distance.
f. Selective focusing helps separate the subject from the background/
g. Camera viewpoint or angle.
h. Relative size of objects in foreground and background (fig 4-16).