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Field, Television Production
Introduction to Field Televison Production Techniques
Lesson 1. Define field television production
Figure 1-1. An outdoor field television production
Maintaining audience interest is a challenge.
Figure 1-3. Electronic Field Production
Figure 1-4. Interior of EFP mobile unit
Figure 1-5. Exterior of EFP mobile unit
ENG/EFP means Electronic News Gathering/Electronic Field Production.
The Electronic News Gathering (ENG) assignment is a challenge.
Figure 1-10. An EFP crew
Electronic Field Productions (EFP) usually have more structure or plot than the ENG production.
Figure 1-11. Tripods
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Lesson 2. Define PReproduction Responsibilities for a field Television Production
Figure 2-1. The director is "the boss"
A remote survey describes in detail the remote site and discloses general conditions.
Learning Event 2: Describe the Story Board and Why It Is Used
Learning Event 3: Describe a Script, How It Is Prepared, and its Value to the Director
The full script is divided into two vertical columns
The shooting outline or outline script is sufficient.
Practice Exercise - ss054760032
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Lesson 3. Describe a production techniques for a field television production.
Figure 3-1a. Bracing the camera against the body
Figure 3-4. Using a zoom lens
Figure 3-5. Dolly movement
Types of transitions.
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Figure 3-8. Avoid tight framing
Figure 3-10. Cutoff lines
Figure 3-11. Transmission loss
Figure 3-13a. Nose room, incorrect positioning
Figure 3-14. View with subject at edge of screen
Figure 3-17. Juxtapositioning, poor placement of talent in relation to sets or props
Figure 3-19. Subject facing right
Figure 3-23. Using ratio of 2:3 to place center of interest
Figure 3-24. Framing and centering two people
Practice Questions (Cont)
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Figure 3-26. Sequence showing continuity
Figure 3-27. Long shot
Figure 3-29. Closeup
Practice Exercise - ss054760058
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Learning Event 4: Describe Camera Angles
Figure 3-31. Shooting up at a subject
Figure 3-33. Side angle shot
Subject angle affects camera angle.
Often camera angles are described in shots.
An over-the-shoulder shot
A cut-away shot
Camera angles can also be defined in terms of objective and subjective.
Practice Exercise - ss054760070
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Learning Event 5: Describe Camera Skills and Principles of Composition
Upward-rising movement or ascending vertical movement
A diagonal movement is most dramatic
Shape is an important concept in composition
Practice Exercise - ss054760079
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Lesson 4. Describe lighting techniques for a field television production.
Light can be described as either hard or soft.
Direction is another part of lighting.
Figure 4-5. Frontal lighting
Figure 4-6. Back lighting
Figure 4-8. Sidelighting
The key light is the principal source of directional illumination
Figure 4-11. Key lighting using the eyeline concept
Figure 4-12. Back lighting position
Figure 4-13. Fill light
Sunlight changes throughout the day.
Portable lighting. (Cont)
Practice Exercise - ss054760094
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Learning Event 2: Describe Light Meters
Figure 4-20. Reflected light meter reading
Selecting suitable method for reading.
In desert regions protect meter from dust, extreme heat and sudden temperature changes.
Practice Exercise - ss054760101
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Learning Event 3: Describe Reflector
Many varieties can be purchased.
Practice Exercise - ss054760106
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Lesson 5. Define the Postproduction Phase of a Television Field Production
Beginning the tape.
Aesthetics are important.
The professional editor must first understand the process behind how the audience sees
The actions of two consecutive shots in a single scene should match.
Practice Exercise - ss054760113
Practice Exercise (Cont) - ss054760114
Answers to Practice Exercise - ss054760115
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