b. Reviewing original or raw footage is not a laid-back job; it is
analyzing, not just viewing. A good editor will mentally visualize 75 percent
of the edits to be made, with most of the planning accomplished in one session.
Before editing, review and note all footage for the following:
(1) Video quality (good, fair, bad, unusable).
(2) Type of shot (closeup, medium shot, long shot) and subject.
(3) Identify shots used for cut-ins and cut-aways.
(4) Audio quality.
(5) Time and length of each shot.
(6) Log all counter numbers.
(7) Maintain quality check or control track.
(8) Note inadequate lead-in of control track.
(9) List all shots or scenes to be reshot.
3. Beginning the tape. Before editing any of your work, there are some signal
requirements that you must be aware of. You will implement these requirements
during your editing exercises.
a. Video test signal.
The video level of the VTR normally is
automatically controlled as it is often not possible to adjust for rapid
changes in video levels manually. Typically, you record one minute of video
consisting of color bars. The color bars provide you and the video engineer
with a reference used to set up other video equipment during playback.
b. Audio test signal. The audio test signal recorded is a 1000 Hz tone
used to set the VTR volume levels. You set the levels in the manual mode, not
the automatic gain control (AGC) mode, as the AGC will cause hiss and roar as
it seeks a signal during quiet portions of the program. Once you set the VTR
audio levels with 1000 Hz tone, leave the controls alone. All subsequent audio
level adjustments are done at the audio console.
c. After the test signal, there is a short section of "black," possibly a
leader or countdown from ten to two seconds, one second of "black," then the
opening of the program.
4. Editing principles are not rules, they are suggested techniques.
fundamentals of editing are continuity and aesthetics.
We must maintain
audience attention by keeping their interest, by not boring them, by not
confusing them. Be thoughtful of the audience while editing.