7. For smooth continuity, the actions of two consecutive shots in a single
scene should match. Another rule is to keep background consistent throughout.
a. In shooting a production, the cameraman changes image size. The editor
uses appropriate change of angle between two consecutive shots.
It must be
done well or the spectator will get the impression that a subject or object has
inexplicably shifted. The viewer will be aware of the change; the edit will
not be smooth.
b. To cut to an insignificant detail would be irrelevant. Do not confuse
your audience with meaningless detail.
It is necessary to preserve screen
direction if continuity is the editor's purpose.
c. If there is a new development which alters the situation, the scene
usually must be re-established. At this point, the editor must edit in a long
shot to re-establish the situation and retain continuity.
The cuts must be
d. There must be a reason for a cut.
An idea may need to be carried
across to another spot or the edit can mark a new subject or action. An edit
can re-establish. An edit can be a transition or a bridge. Good editing means
the key action or significant events are included, and inessential, superfluous
Not every action is necessary, but there must be enough
action to imply with the audience mentally filling in the unsaid, closing up
time and condensing space. Good editing is dependent upon a competent editor.