1-44. Another important point for radio operators to follow when jammed is to report the
jamming to the communications supervisor promptly, accurately, and completely. Reports from
radio operators frequently provide intelligence on the extent of enemy actions and when
correlated at headquarters, can serve as a warning of impending enemy operations. It is
important to have prompt, accurate, and complete ______________ of enemy jamming.
(1-44. Answer: reporting)
PART H - TYPES OF COMMUNICATIONS DECEPTION
Communications deception is divided into two major types: imitative and manipulative.
Imitative deception is the intrusion into the communications channels of an enemy for
the purpose of deceiving or confusing him.
Manipulative deception is the insertion of incorrect and misleading information into
one's own communications channels to deceive a listening enemy. Simulative deception is a
form of manipulative deception that simulates units, installations, and activities.
1-45. Communications jamming is only one type of ECM applied against communications
systems. Communications deception is another type of ECM. Communications deception is an
attempt to confuse or misinform radio operators and others who must read and act upon the
messages. Enemy operators can be expected to use many approaches to mislead our operators on
a given net regarding their identification.
Any attempt to confuse or mislead by transmitting false messages is communications
(1-45. Answer: deception)