2. When shooting outdoors, the primary source of illumination is the sun.
Even though we have no direct control over the sun, there are ways to make it
work to our advantage.
using special lighting instruments and accessories.
3. The ideal light for shooting outdoors is an overcast day. The clouds act
as diffusers for the hard, directional sunlight, providing an even
soft shadows and therefore slow falloff, shadows are not usually a problem.
However, try not to position a person in front of a white or otherwise bright
The auto-iris of the camera will read and adjust to the bright
background rather than the person.
Consequently, the person will be
underexposed and appear as a silhouette in front of the properly exposed
4. Most outdoor lighting problems occur on bright, sunny days. During this
type of day, the sunlight is highly directional and produces dense shadows
Here are some helpful hints of how to "shoot" in bright
a. Whenever possible, shoot with the sun, not into it. That is, the sun
should be in the camera operator's rear.
If you shoot against the sun
(backlit), the auto-iris in the camera lens will expose about two stops under
the proper exposure causing the subject to be underexposed. If you must shoot
your subject backlit, try to get as close a shot as possible and use a
reflector to bounce as much light on your subject as possible (fig 3-1).
In bright sunlight, the problem of bright backgrounds is more severe
a bright, sunlit background.
Even if the camera is on manual iris
and is adjusted for this foreground figure, the bright background will