b. The window permits detecting low-frequency distortion, which has practically
no effect on the sin2 pulse.
The window shows undershoot, overshoot, and
horizontal tilt, depending on the time constant of the impairment. When used with
the sin2 pulse, the window has the same rise time as the pulse so that no
frequencies higher than the system test reference are introduced.
a. Ringing occurs at the frequency at which the gain dip occurs in the system
The ringing amplitude depends on the sharpness of this gain-dip
b. The ringing period (fig 3-19) is defined by the following relationship:
Rp = 1/fc
where fc is the cutoff frequency.
For example, if we have a 4-MHz cutoff, the ringing period (Rp) is:
Rp = 1/4(10 to the 6th power) = 0.250 microseconds
To find the cutoff frequency for a given measured ringing period:
fc = 1/Rp
where fc is the
7. Waveform Distortion.
Certain terminology is becoming standard, when defining
waveform distortion, and following is a brief review of this terminology.
a. Short-time Waveform Distortion (SD) involves
detail in the horizontal direction. It is seen