(1) Comprehensive draft. Attach a clean sheet of tracing paper to
the layout board and make a comprehensive version of the rough draft you
selected as the final layout.
Using the rough draft you selected,
measure the copy area, cut the galley copy, fit the copy into the area
you roughed out for the copy, and tape it down.
You now have the
opportunity to move the copy so it fits evenly in the column areas or
make any other changes you feel necessary. When you have finished moving
the copy and are satisfied with its placement, mark off the windows for
the graphics in the article.
(2) Final layout.
When the comprehensive draft meets your
approval, start the final layout process. Using the comprehensive layout
as a guide, cut the slick copy and apply it to the format sheet on the
layboard with a light coating of adhesive or adhesive wax. When you have
the copy in place, block out the graphic window areas with "ruby-lith,"
para-opaque, or by blackening out the area with ink or black paper. When
the lithographer photographs your layout, the negative shows the graphic
window areas as clear windows. When the article includes photographs, he
then screens them as halftone negative and "strips" them in the windows.
(3) Cropping and scaling. You prepare the graphic or photographs
for inclusion in the article by cropping, scaling, and annotating the
graphics or photos so the printer knows exactly what you want him to do.
The majority of the time, the graphics and photos are not particularly
suited for the layout because they are the wrong size or contain too much
unwanted image area. You correct this problem by careful cropping.
There are two different methods available for you to use when cropping a
picture: (1) tissue-overlay and (2) white opaquing fluid. Each method
accomplishes the same thing; however, the tissue-overlay does not destroy
the graphic or photograph. When cropping a graphic or picture, remember
to maintain the same height-to-weight ratio as the graphic's window you
created in the layout.
(a) Tissue-overlay cropping method. Most illustrators use the
tissue-overlay method when cropping graphics or photographs. For this
method, you place a piece of tracing paper over the entire graphic or
photograph and use a colored marker to enclose the area you photographed.
(Remember to maintain the same ratio as the window on the layout.)
After you have marked the area of the graphic or photo you want
photographed, you must size it for placement in the window in the layout.