(6) Movement that changes direction attracts the eye of the viewer more
than movement in one direction.
d. Shape is an important concept in composition, used to create balance or
tension. Use the contour of an object or subject to your advantage. A single
shape against a plain background can be striking. A dark form against a light
background adds contrast to the scene. Several shapes, combining in a cohesive
whole, result in a strong picture. Avoid scattered, non-unified forms.
(1) Regular shapes appear heavier than irregular shapes.
(2) The location of a shape inside the frame can change the picture
weight. If an object or subject is lower in the frame, this implies heaviness.
Higher in the frame renders a feeling of lightness. If the object or subject
is centered, there is stability.
(1) A vertical line implies formality or dignity.
(2) Horizontal lines imply breadth or inactivity.
(3) A curved line suggests rhythm.
(4) Diagonals imply conflict.
(5) Well-defined lines are very strong, whereas a curved line is softer.
The well-defined line suggests excitement, whereas the softer line suggests
(6) Irregular lines can be more interesting. You will need to discern
f. Texture adds realism to a subject or object, adding character or
special qualities. Closeups best reveal texture.
g. Depth can be suggested by proper use of the foreground and background.
Whatever is in the foreground is usually dominant.
For a different effect,
change this dominance. Some variations of the foreground-background effect are
the over-the-shoulder shot and the foreground positioning, i.e., positioning
talent in foreground specifically to frame background elements.
h. A precise balance results in formality.
No balance is unstable.
Informal balance is generally preferred, unless you want either a formal or
wild effect. There should be balancing in planes in depth, e.g., foreground
and background, balance in perspective and balance in angles.