Many photographers shy away from use of the view camera because of its bulk
and many confusing adjustments. The best way for you to become proficient
with the view camera is through practice before shooting official
Components of the View Camera.
View cameras have changed little since the early days of photography.
view cameras in use throughout the Army are basically the same. They
differ somewhat from model to model so it would be wise for you read
operator's manual for each of the various views you may use. However,
view cameras have the following standard parts:
a. A monorail or bed which serves as the base of support to hold all
the other components.
b. A front lens standard mounted on the monorail.
usually has a "U" shaped frame which allows the lens to be locked into any
position on the monorail. It also permits swings and tilts and rising and
c. A rear standard, where the film is loaded, is the same as the front
standard except that on some models it may not have a rising and falling
d. A bellows between the front and rear standards which allows them to
be moved together or apart for focusing, and to accommodate various focal
length lenses. The bellows also maintains light-tight integrity between the
front and rear standards.
It also allows extension for 1:1 and larger
e. A tripod head which holds the monorail to a tripod.
f. A lens which is mounted in a lens board which is in turn mounted
into the front standard.
g. A ground glass for focusing, viewing, and composing the image.
h. Other parts which make up the whole view camera include various
locking and adjusting knobs, focusing hood, lens shade, spirit levels, and
springs and clips to secure film holders and dark cloths.
View Camera Adjustments.
There are only four basic movements or adjustments with a view camera.
are as follows: