(2) Artgum erasers - The very popular artgum erasers are soft, pliable erasers that will
not mar a drawing. Use them primarily for removing smudges or fingerprints.
(3) Ruby red erasers - Ruby red erasers are firmer and more abrasive. Use them to
remove light ink smudges.
(4) Steel erasers - The steel eraser looks like a scalpel. Using the eraser's rounded
edge, lightly scrape excess dried ink. Once done, follow up with the ruby red eraser to remove
remaining ink. Remember to reburnish the surface of the paper or board before re-inking or a
large "bleed" will occur.
h. White-out correction fluid comes in a water or oil base for covering small errors made
in line media work. Use the appropriate type for the line media used. Use white-out on camera-
ready line art when waterproof ink has been used. Certain ink mistakes will bleed if water-based
correction fluid is applied as a cover up.
i. Fixatives are thin, lacquer/varnish-like liquids sprayed on drawings. These varnishes
will keep the media from smudging and help to protect the drawing from ultraviolet (UV)
yellowing. Some types of fixatives are glossy, workable, nonworkable flat, and UV.
Learning Event 2:
IDENTIFY AND DESCRIBE VARIOUS DRAWING SURFACES, THEIR COMPOSITION,
AND MEASUREMENT DESIGNATORS
The surface to which you apply media is of major importance. The most common
surfaces are various papers and drawing board. Paper is made by putting various fibrous
materials through unique milling, processing, refining and finishing methods. The texture of the
surface, tooth, bites off the dry media as it is dragged over the surface.
Paper used for drawings may be smooth or rough textured (toothed). A good drawing
paper with a rough surface bites and holds graphite better. A rough surface will give high
contrast to pencil drawings. A firm, smooth finish will result in low pencil contrast. Make ink
drawings on smooth, firm-finished paper or cardstock. Apply washes to a thick, absorbent water
color paper surface. Be careful not to apply too much wash or the paper will buckle.
Papers are measured in percentage of rag content and acidity/alkylin balancing.