22. Spectrum Management in Foreign Areas.
a. The radio frequency spectrum is a natural resource within the
boundaries of any sovereign nation and may be used only with the
consent of that nation.
All commanders and communications-
electronics personnel must be aware of the privileges of the
communications-electronics operations of the host government. Strict
operator discipline and effective control procedures are required to
insure compliance with established frequency authorization including
relationship and negotiations with the host government.
b. Furthermore, the sovereign rights and needs of allied and
friendly governments cannot be preempted, even in time of war. Their
requirements for essential communications-electronics services must
be protected and must be considered in all contingency planning.
Basic requirements for coordination and the channels through which
coordination must be exercised, do not change materially in wartime.
c. Direct military liaison channels are established to coordinate
the military spectrum among management bodies of several governments.
This liaison is particularly effective among the United States, the
United Kingdom, New Zealand, Australia, and Canada.
countries have established the Combined Communications-Electronics
Board, staffed at the same level as the United States Military
Allies representatives to the
the Canadian, British, New Zealand, and Australian embassies in
Special combined steering groups, functioning in a
manner similar to that of the United States Joint Frequency Panel,
are established for each matter brought before the Combined
Allied Treaty Organizations.
a. There are also several other special arrangements for
international spectrum management, such as those which exist in North
Atlantic Treaty Organization, Central Treaty Organization, and
Southeast Asia Treaty Organization.
Spectrum management for
operations or planning within these organizations basically follows
the pattern of the international command organization.
b. In North Atlantic Treaty Organization, the Allied Radio
Frequency Agency Permanent Staff is responsible for North Atlantic
Treaty Organization plans, policies, and communications-electronics
permanent representative to Allied Radio Frequency Agency who