Each service develops its EW capability according to its own operating concept. No one
service has the systems or capability to cover the total EW environment. Interoperability provides the
ability to integrate unlike systems to provide effective coverage against specific targets.
EW operations need detailed intelligence support to be efficiently implemented. EW
planners coordinate their efforts with intelligence personnel to ensure they provide the type of support
needed. Achieving a single operational need may involve many essential elements of information (EEI).
It may also involve correlating data from strategic, national, theater, and tactical systems.
The demands for operational information should be stated, not only in the kind of data
needed, but also its accuracy and timeliness. The EW officer briefs intelligence personnel on his
functional needs before planned operations. This should be done in such terms that specific EEIs to
support EW operations are developed by the intelligence community.
Joint electronic warfare operations.
Joint EW operation (coordinated and integrated mutual support efforts) are generated by
various needs. However, they are dependent on the cooperation and interoperability of each service
component. When properly used, EW can extend tactical capabilities. Within joint EW operation, a
prime goal is to capitalize on the capabilities of mutually supporting systems, while lessening individual
system weaknesses. The result should be a mutually supportive and complementary effort.
The JFC is normally assigned a limited mission in a specified area of operations for a set
period. This period should be enough to complete the mission, but not too long to be considered
extended operations. If extended operations are needed, the joint force would be designated a sub-
unified command. However, its joint responsibilities and function would remain the same.
During daily operations, a JFC and his staff are normally interested in intermediate and
long range planning activities for 72 hours and beyond. Thus, a JFC only directs major joint EW
operation if its priorities are high enough to override individual service component requirement. In a
battle's overall context, this becomes a future event, as opposed to daily operation, which are service
component responsibilities. During the normal course of events, the Joint staff issues the JFCs guidance
to the component level for implementation. The components translate this guidance into immediate
combat operation in support of the joint master plan and its mission objectives. Thus, the component-
level EW staff officers have the immediate capability to begin joint EW support operations. They also
have the capability to increase available combat power on a daily basis.