training, briefing, and surveillance.
Portable TV equipment can be an
effective tool for commanders to train troops. You may be tasked to videotape
training "on location."
(2) A majority of education and training situations in the military use
the demonstration or "show and tell" method of instruction.
to another, preventing costly maneuvers and in some cases, saving time by
releasing troops quickly to perform their missions.
(3) A briefing is intended to give personnel a rapid presentation of a
particular situation. For example, in a tactical situation, remote television
equipment can record all pertinent data to the performance of a particular
mission or task and be played back at another location with a speed and
versatility that is not otherwise possible.
(4) Remote equipment can be easily adapted for surveillance in tactical
situations. Remote television equipment will record terrain and other features
of a given area that can be used to support troop maneuvers.
h. The Electronic News Gathering (ENG) assignment is a challenge.
Civilian crews record news, e.g., the crisis, the surprise, the emergency or
natural disaster. The ENG operator, on the job, tapes an eyewitness account of
The cameraman is like an objective reporter.
uncontrolled action requires quick reflexes because the action occurs only
Pressure is intense.
Time, or lack of it, causes difficulty by
increasing the psychological pressure. The need to get shots in some sequence,
at the moment the action occurs, and maintaining objectivity, can generate
(1) Solo, you without help must shoot the scenes in order, taking great
care to obtain all key shots, necessary background shots and extra footage for
You, alone, must quickly record or document all required
There are no retakes shooting uncontrolled or spontaneous action.
You may shoot uncontrolled action on foot, in the air, or on water. In other
words, one cameraman is doing the work of two or three individuals.
(2) ENG camera coverage usually conveys real life events.
there is more emphasis on the picture or video, than the audio. How can you
write a script for an explosion three days in advance?
There may be just
enough time to grab your camera and head for the site. ENG scripts are often
written after the fact.
These scripts have a straight reporting style and
should be objective.
The director may not have a basic storyline but may
insert portions of video to complete a whole production.
ENG coverage may
contribute only a fragment of the entire production.
i. On the other hand, Electronic Field Productions (EFP) usually have more
structure or plot than the ENG production.
These include documentaries,
instructional programs, documentation of medical techniques, and even enter-