a. Since electromagnetic waves have no respect for geopolitical
allocation and use of the radio frequency spectrum is needed.
National plans must be tailored to conform to the international
b. The necessity for international agreements on spectrum
allocation can best be illustrated by some examples.
aircraft on international flights, for example, must be able to
communicate at all times with at least one check point along each
Thus, for safety's sake, flight control and navigation
Even if not strictly required, it is often advantageous to
have a high degree of international standardization.
military should be usable by troops deployed worldwide.
obviously impractical to develop equipment that must be left on the
shelf during actual combat.
Even during wartime, unrestricted
spectrum utilization cannot be allowed since various countries have
allies with whom they must cooperate. The need for compatibility and
particularly vital in allied joint commands such as North Atlantic
Additionally, during wartime certain civil
safety services will be as important, if not more so, than during
peacetime and will require continued protection.
The International Telecommunications Union.
a. International allocations of the radio frequency spectrum and
registration of frequency assignments are accomplished by the
International Telecommunications Union.
Created in 1865 with 20
member nations, the International Telecommunications Union is now a
specialized agency of the United Nations and has membership of about
The major material outputs of the International
Telecommunications Union are international radio regulations which
Telecommunications Union radio regulations, when ratified by member
nations, have treaty status.
International Telecommunications Union
secretariat is supported by member nations.
b. The International Telecommunications Union is composed of four
Telegraph and Telephone Consultative Committee, the International
Radio Consultative Committee, and the International Frequency