Figure 1-1. Depth
d. Synchronization. The ground war began with two simultaneous attacks, one in the east,
where U.S. Marines and Pan Arab forces attacked Iraqi defenses. The other occurred 300 miles to the
west and consisted of French forces and elements of the 82nd Airborne Division. Aided by naval
gunfire, U.S. Marines feinted an amphibious assault. Before the massive push into Iraq by the VII
Corps and XVIII Airborne Corps, logistics support was coordinated to keep maneuver units sustained.
Both ground fire support and close air support were synchronized with maneuver to reduce the enemy's
ability to respond. Figure 1-2, page 1-8, illustrates the synchronized movements of the XVIII Airborne
Corps and the VII Corps.